Precious emotions in diamondsBy diamondjewellery
October 6, 2020
In 2500 B.C., the Chinese would have used diamonds to polish gems. In India diamonds would have been worn as jewellery by that time and the Bible also mentions diamonds. Diamonds became known in Europe in the 6th to 5th centuries BC. Diamonds have already been described by Manlius (16 A.D.) and Pliny the Elder (23-79 A.D.) in his Naturalis historia.
This was the beginning of the diamond industry in Bruges. After the silting up of the Zwin at the end of the 15th century, not only the port activity, but also the diamond industry shifted to Antwerp. After the fall of Antwerp, many wealthy Antwerp citizens fled from the Inquisition to Amsterdam, which marked the beginning of the diamond industry there.
After the fall of Antwerp, many wealthy Antwerp citizens fled from the Inquisition to Amsterdam, which marked the beginning of the diamond industry there.
Until the 18th century, diamonds were only mined in India. This is where the most famous diamonds in history come from. In 1714 diamonds were discovered in Brazil. Erasmus Jacobs found the first diamond in South Africa near the Orange River in 1866: the ‘Eureka’. Shortly afterwards, diamonds were also found in Kimberley. In 1888 Cecil Rhodes founded the firm De Beers to control the diamond trade.
In 1888 Cecil Rhodes founded the company De Beers to control the diamond trade.
In the 20th century, important diamond deposits were discovered in Siberia, Canada and Australia, and it became possible to manufacture diamonds synthetically.
There are many legends associated with diamonds; often magical or protective powers are attributed to them. Diamonds were the symbol of wealth and they are part of almost all crown jewels, treasure chambers and museum collections. The diamond is one of the “nine gems” in the Thai Order of the Nine Gemstones.
The Cullinan is the largest uncut diamond found on earth so far: 3106 carats (621.2 grams). The Cullinan was cleaved and cut and the largest piece, the Cullinan 1 (530.20 carats) was the largest cut diamond for about a century after it was cut. The largest cut diamond since 1988, however, is the Golden Jubilee (545.67 carats), which was cut by Gabriel (Gabi) Tolkowsky on behalf of De Beers and has been in the possession of the Thai king Bhumibol since 1997, who received it on the occasion of his 50th coronation jubilee.
Source: Unsaid Library